Side note: Positional Plagiocephaly (PP) and Deformational Plagiocephaly (DP) both mean Plagiocephaly.
Study: Development in Toddlers with and without Deformational Plagiocephaly
Study Aim: To determine whether the heightened risk of developmental delays seen in infants with deformational plagiocephaly (DP) continues into the toddler years.
Findings: It found that, on average, children with deformational plagiocephaly scored lower than those unaffected in all areas of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. The findings concluded that a higher level of developmental surveillance may be warranted with these children.
Study: Impact of Torticollis Associated With Plagiocephaly on Infants’ Motor Development
Study Aim: To understand whether congenital or acquired torticollis can affect specific gross motor milestones of infants with plagiocephaly. It involved 175 infants that had plagiocephaly, some were affected and some unaffected by torticollis.
Findings: The presence or absence of congenital or acquired torticollis is an important factor that affects gross motor development in infants with plagiocephaly.
Study: Brain volume and shape in infants with deformational plagiocephaly
Study Aim: Infants with plagiocephaly have been shown to exhibit developmental delays relative to unaffected infants. Although the mechanisms accounting for these delays are unknown, one hypothesis focuses on underlying differences in brain development. In this study, MRI was used to examine brain volume and shape in infants with and without DP.
Findings: Infants show differences in brain shape that is consistent with skull deformity. Shape measures were also associated with infant development, however other studies are required to determine whether these developmental delays occur before or after the deformation.
Review of 5 Articles of “Congress of Neurological Surgeons Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guidelines for the Patients with Positional Plagiocephaly” Articles in Neurosurgery 79: E623–E633
Aim: This journal is designed to fill a gap for evidence-based guidelines for medical experts, offering information on how positional plagiocephaly should be diagnosed and treated. It is designed to be used across a range of specialities, including paediatricians, physical therapists and neurosurgeons.